tag:blogger.com,1999:blog-39366900496215556832016-05-31T04:22:53.301-07:00Online MBA Coursemurtaza hussainhttp://www.blogger.com/profile/10231588209540892385noreply@blogger.comBlogger16125tag:blogger.com,1999:blog-3936690049621555683.post-8741146545004253052015-10-03T23:52:00.002-07:002015-10-03T23:52:54.320-07:00The computer is a nanny, a dictionaryYou can also place your digital photos in the internet. With a password and a login name your friends in America can look at your photos without sending them to them.<br />Another important part is online gaming. You can play with people from all over the world and share your knowledge. In my opinion it’s more exiting to play with friends than playing alone.<br />Additionally, another big advantage of the internet is the easy access to information. Online reference books and dictionaries replace the way to the bookshop or to the library. It is again cheaper to search for information in the internet than to buy a book, that is old after one year. In the internet a lot of information is renewed and up to date. You can also find information which is very new and a book does not exist yet.<br />Moreover you can read the daily newspapers from all over the world, sometimes for free. You do not have to buy them anymore. In addition, most newspaper sites have an archive in which you can search for old articles.<br />However, the internet is also a big “advertising company”. A lot of enterprises have a homepage with ads and support opportunities. On some of them you can order products online. Then you do not have to go to the city anymore. You avoid waiting in front of the cash because of a long queue.<br />Moreover, you can get the newest stock exchange courses because the stock exchange in the Internet is always the most current one. You also have the ability to tell the computer to buy shares when the course is down.<br />Besides you can learn with the internet. CBTs (Computer Based Training) already exist but you can also join an internet course with other members.<br />Furthermore you can hold videoconferences which means that e.g. your teacher is sitting in his office in America and teaching you in Austria.<br />This is very important in the medical sector because doctors from all over the world can join an operation. So specialists can give tips and help other doctors to complete the operation successfully. The patient has not to wait until a specialist will come from America.<br />But this is only available because of the internet 2 which is much faster.<br />The internet is a database full of information and offers us a lot of services, sometimes for free. This makes our life easier and sometimes also cheaper.<br />All in all I think that the internet is very useful especially for students.<br />Clicking on the Internet-Button is getting more and more thrilling nowadays. Sometimes it is a real adventure not being sure if you have downloaded a virus or if it is only a hoax. You even cannot be sure to be alone if you are alone. Is there someone else working on my computer or is it only me? To have more security you have to install a firewall, buy anti-virus-programmes and update them regularly. So you have to spend much money only for preventing a virus-caused breakdown or hacker-attacks. It is annoying not being sure if the money you have spent will prevent all those things or if there is already a new virus and a new way hacking into computers. This is no more an investment into security it is a steady consumption which will not end. Some people even have to take up a loan to buy a computer. They are forced to buy one. Otherwise they maybe would not be able to stay in their job. What will the poor people do? They will be rarely informed about news and the space between rich and poor will become bigger and bigger.<br />Having downloaded the latest anti-virus-program it will not prevent meeting bad people on the internet. If you chat with someone you cannot be sure about the truth of his/her words. Most people cheat emotions, cheat about their appearance, age, job. That can be funny but if you want to meet someone talking to each other seriously it can be hard to do so. Is it a man, is it a woman or is it someone I already know? You never can be sure. Is that something on the other side already hacking into my computer reading personal information? If you get to a web site of a bank – is it a real bank or only a faked one? There have to be some signs which identify an original website reliably. How can I be sure if I want to buy something on the web and send my credit card-number that nobody will read it?<br />Imagine the following scene: You are surfing through the internet and suddenly – you are just downloading the latest screensaver of Verona Feldbusch – the whole internet breaks down. What would you do? Trying to build your own internet? Worrying about the lack of Verona? Sitting in front of the computer waiting for hours and looking into a black screen? Seriously, what would happen? I think most of the people would wait an hour or longer. Some people would stop existing because they have no real life. They only exist on the internet with their avatars in the chat rooms. They have given up reality for cyberspace. It is more practical for them because they do not need to ask someone to meet someone. The other one is just on the other end. Seriously speaking, I think people would not be glad about having to get out of their rooms. They feel uncomfortable about leaving their beloved computer. They do not know what to do. I think many even do not know any more how a book looks like or a typewriter. Besides losing our social abilities we are also losing our every-day-abilities. The computer is a nanny, a dictionary, an information centre, a job, a shopping centre. Nobody has to know anything about everyday business because the computer does it for us.<br /><br /><div></div><br /><div style="-webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; color: black; font-family: 'Times New Roman'; font-size: medium; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; letter-spacing: normal; line-height: normal; margin: 0px; orphans: auto; text-align: start; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 1; word-spacing: 0px;">Internet user are becoming younger and younger. For children it is no problem to work with a computer. They just accept "him" as partner. But what do the older people do? Some even do not know how to switch the computer on. I know some people who are afraid of the computer. They think everything they do is wrong and the computer is breaking down on purpose. For these people the computer is already too complex. There has to be something like a computer for beginners. Otherwise there will always be some people who do not want to know how to use the computer because there is too much to know about it.</div>murtaza hussainhttp://www.blogger.com/profile/10231588209540892385noreply@blogger.com0tag:blogger.com,1999:blog-3936690049621555683.post-23641526769066348202015-10-02T23:58:00.001-07:002015-10-02T23:58:05.639-07:00Cooruption In All Over In The WorldToday cooruption is almost a world phenomenon.It is,in fact,a universal problem,having existed in all ages.<br />It has clung to mankind like an incurable disease.In view of its general prevalence scholars have devoted a<br />good deal of thought and attention to this vice.The true reason for cooruption is a desire to get rich by any means.<br />In a free and competitive society,investment of capital can yield reasonable returns only in the long run.But<br />cooruption or acceptance of bribes promises a rapid change in financial conditions.Originally the police and WAPDA<br />were notorious for cooruption but now the evil has spread to almost every Department of Government.Even courts of<br />justice and education are no exceptions.Prevalence of cooruption has created disappointment and discontentment<br />among the community.The machinery of government gets rusted and ceases to work in the intended manner.murtaza hussainhttp://www.blogger.com/profile/10231588209540892385noreply@blogger.com0tag:blogger.com,1999:blog-3936690049621555683.post-1219214751216460412015-10-02T23:56:00.003-07:002015-10-02T23:56:29.971-07:00HANDICARFTS OF PAKISTANEvery country has its own local carfts,witch exhibit the taste and colour of its region.pakistan is a country rich in culture.<br />Carfts were the main source of livelihood for the people of the region,and were handed down from father to son.With the passage of time, the carfts had access to bigger markets and becane more proftable trades.<br />Som areas have specialized in different carfts, which suplied to different region.for example in the province of panjab different cities have their own specialties.Faslabad specializes in cotton and woven fabrics.Lahoure hass brass items.sialkot specilize in sports.<br />handicarfts are also a part of the cultural heritage of a country.they represent the culture and traditions of the people.Old skills witch have survived and developed,are the backbone of the cottage industry.these handicarfts,special in kind and unique in shape,are vraelly the pride of a country.murtaza hussainhttp://www.blogger.com/profile/10231588209540892385noreply@blogger.com0tag:blogger.com,1999:blog-3936690049621555683.post-71279385882789096492015-10-02T23:56:00.001-07:002015-10-02T23:56:07.341-07:00 IMPORATNCE OF INTERNETAccording to a source of www.internetworldstats.com, today there are about nine hundreds million people are using the internet on the world. People can use the internet to communicate with the other from all over the world, business can do their work over the internet, and student can take a class online. Internet is allowing people have more conveniences on their live. It is become one of the most important technological innovations in human history. Does the internet always make people to be advantageously? The answer will now be explored.<br />Here are some major of the internet. One, from the number of television advertisements for internet shopping sites today, we all know that shopping is become a strong enterprise on the internet. By selling items over the internet, companies can save money on employing shop assistants, buying shops and land, administration costs and many other things. The advantage for the shoppers is that the shops are able to sell their goods at lower prices.<br />However because it is cheaper to run internet sites, a less staff is needed, the workforce suffers. If a company went into the internet, hundreds of jobs would be lost. Another bad factor is that people will not leave their homes to go out shopping, so they will not socialize in or around shops, get need exercise, or help their local economy. Many shopping sites are international so their profits may not be going into your country's economy at all.<br />Internet is also allowing people to communicate to the other on over the world. According to Donna Hoffman, one survey after another finds that when online user are asked what they do on the Net, "email is always No.1". There are more than six million of users of email on 2005. People use the internet to contact with the other by sending and receiving email and it is possible for them to make more friends from many countries in a chat room. They can talk and see together by using voice chat or webcam. These things make internet is more interesting and convenient.<br />The workplace is becoming increasing by stressful for many people with longer hours. So, the internet offers an alternative. Some businesses are allowing their employees to work at home for two to four days a week. There are many advantages for people. They don't need to pay for child care. They can take a short break for snacks and relaxation, save money on fuel by avoiding driving to work everyday, start to work when you like, early or late. However this system can also result in people not doing their work at all. They may stay at home and watch TV, don't concentrate on their work. And it is also hard to check or control employees.<br />Everything has two sides. One is good and one is bad. Internet is the same. However good or bad depend on how people use and control it. People agree that internet always has an important role on a socioeconomic development. And it is one of the most important technological innovations in human abbilitiese.<br /><div><br /></div>murtaza hussainhttp://www.blogger.com/profile/10231588209540892385noreply@blogger.com0tag:blogger.com,1999:blog-3936690049621555683.post-68200326830754918792015-10-02T23:55:00.001-07:002015-10-02T23:55:30.096-07:00COMPANY OF A STUDENTA MAN KOWN BY THE COMPANY HE KEEPS.A GOOD STUDENT AVOID THE COMOPANY OF THOSE PEOPLE WHO KEEP PLAYING ALL THE TIME.<br />MANY STUDENTS MISS THEIR CLASSES AND SELDOM DO THEIR HOME WORK BECAUSE FELLOW STUDENTS DO THE SAME.<br />THERE ARE HARDWORKING STUDENTS ALSO WHO WORK WHILE OTHERS PIAY.THEY KNOE WHEN TO STUDY AND WHEN TO PLAY.<br />THEY PLAY WHEN IT IS TIME TO PLAY.THEY ENJOY THE GAMES OF THEIR CHOICESE BECAUSE THEY KNOW THAT PLAYING GAMES IS ESSENTIAL FOR HEALTH.A SICK STUDENT IS NOT SO QUICK IN LEARNIN IG HIS LESSON AS A HEALTHY ONE.<br />BAD COMPANY COULD ALSO EFFECT YOUR MIND.MOST OF THE TIME WATCHING SOMEONE ELSE MOVE CAUSING A 'MIRORING' EFFECT THAT IS A PART OF OUR BRAIN RESPONSIBLE FOR MOVEMENT ARE ACTIVATED BY SOMEONE WATCHING ELSE IN ACTION.<br /><div><br /></div>murtaza hussainhttp://www.blogger.com/profile/10231588209540892385noreply@blogger.com0tag:blogger.com,1999:blog-3936690049621555683.post-17682537495497526312015-10-02T23:54:00.004-07:002015-10-02T23:54:37.646-07:003G And 4G Technology InventedLong after India, Bangladesh, Nepal and even Afghanistan introduced the third and fourth generation (3G and 4G) of mobile telecommunications technology, Pakistan has finally followed suit.<br />The higher transfer rates of 3G and 4G networks trumps the widely used 2G GSM networks by allowing users to have significantly faster internet access, making video phone calls and mobile TV possible. The technology will ensure that browsing YouTube on mobile phones will no longer be akin to viewing a slideshow and this is certainly something to cheer for in a nation of nearly 130 million mobile service subscribers, as revealed by the Pakistan Telecommunication Authority.<br />The benefits don’t end with entertainment uses. 3G could launch socially useful applications such as e-education, e-medicine and electronic governance which will provide key services to both urban Pakistanis and those living in inaccessible parts of the country. Apart from smart phones, 3G internet can also be used on computers and tablets where broadband isn’t easy available. The benefits are immense, especially for those seeking development in rural locations. It will hopefully have a small snowball effect on the economy as well, where new investment, businesses and jobs will be created as a result. Pakistanis could have had highspeed mobile internet as far back as 2008 which is when the country had 3G capable networks. Perhaps the government wanted to cash in on the upgraded technology by asking mobile network companies such as Warid, Zong, Ufone, Telenor, and Mobilink to bid on licenses that would allow them the right to offer 3G to their respective customers. Despite the many delays over the years the recently concluded 3G/4G auction yielded $1.1 billion. The biggest spender at the auction was Zong, which took home a 1800 MHz 4G license and a 10 MHz 3G license. Following Zong was Mobilink with a 10 MHz 3G, meanwhile Ufone and Telenor both settled for 5 Mhz 3G.<br />This means that most Pakistani mobile phone users with 3G capable phones should have some form of 3G available to them on their respective networks. While the high-end phones in the country are capable of using both 3G and 4G and medium-ranged phones can handle 3G, most lowend devices are incapable of taking advantage of 3G networks.<br />Currently the cheapest 3G phone available in Pakistan is priced at around Rs5,000, leaving plenty of room for the introduction of more economical 3G phones. For any customer interested in 3G or 4G, the cost does not end with the device. Mobile network companies are expected to follow similar business models to that of.<br /><div><br /></div>murtaza hussainhttp://www.blogger.com/profile/10231588209540892385noreply@blogger.com0tag:blogger.com,1999:blog-3936690049621555683.post-51186578742101061842015-10-02T23:53:00.000-07:002015-10-03T23:52:22.859-07:00Another Free Service Of The InternetEspecially at the business sector knowledge is power. If you are the leader of a product, of a technology or just of an idea you are able to make a lot of money. To get into this position, the Internet can play an essential part. Companies all over the world are online. If you want, it is no problem for you to exchange experiences, you will hear new things, you will see some facts from another point of view. For this reason you will find new solutions, new ways to go, so take this chance!<br />“Learning by doing”, everybody knows this phrase and its still an essential part concerning the Internet. Children also use the Internet, most of the time they will “play” over the Internet, but they learn to work with the computer. There is only one way to learn something, you have to do it. Even it’s the first contact with the computer, after a few minutes the person will know that the computer-mouse is no animal running on the monitor. He or she learns to write on the keyboard, to navigate, to open and close programs, to save data... within hours. Try to do that on a normal computer course for beginners, you will need more time and the most important fact, it’s not as funny as surfing on the Internet and so they participants are less motivated.<br />Let’s change over to another positive effect of the Internet.<br />In any case, everybody’s private situation is different. For many women their own children are the main reason for staying at home. Nowadays this won’t be a problem any more, you can do work on your computer at home, called tele-working. Also men take this opportunity to work at home. What are the consequences, the advantages of tele-working? Sure, if you have a family, you can spend more time at home, probably you can spend more time with your children. Next is, that you can organize every day in the way you want to. Meetings at the company are reduced to a minimum. Tele-working is also an advantage for the owner of the company. Official studies substantiate that people who work at home are more motivated than their colleagues at the office. .<br />You see, the Internet is really a very positive medium. Use the Internet and discover the advantages of this new, forward-looking medium!<br />Another advantage of the internet is that you can join a community.<br />You can create new social contacts all over the world, which you could not do so easy without the internet.<br />Such communities can also help people who can not go out to find friends in the real life because they are disabled. Therefore they can chat with other people via the internet. Sometimes it is also easier for people, who are afraid to look into the other’s face while talking, to chat with a person that they do not know. There is something between them which makes it easier for them to communicate. It also does not matter if you have a terrible appearance because you can pretend to be whatever you want. You can also change your gender and your age to talk about topics which you do not normally do.<br />However, there are no time and place limitations and there are no boundaries, both geographical and political. You can chat with people in Australia and you have freedom of your mind in a way.<br />Moreover the internet is much cheaper than the real life, e.g. phoning a friend in Australia costs more than to chat with him.<br />From my point of view the e-mail has replaced the traditional letter. You do not have to buy stamps anymore and it is much faster and also for free. You can also add files to your E-mail and that’s why a big data transfer is possible. Therefore you do not have to send disks with information around the world anymore and you have your information in a digital way.<br />Another free service of the internet is sending SMS. You can save a lot of money if you do not send it with your mobile phone especially from Austria to America. You also have the opportunity to register as a user. Then you can use more things, e.g. sending E-postcards, I-messages (messages between registered users), and lead an address book.<br /><br />murtaza hussainhttp://www.blogger.com/profile/10231588209540892385noreply@blogger.com0tag:blogger.com,1999:blog-3936690049621555683.post-3379266016150609652015-10-02T23:52:00.000-07:002015-10-02T23:52:11.459-07:00Computer Waiting For Hours And Looking Into A Black ScreenHaving downloaded the latest anti-virus-program it will not prevent meeting bad people on the internet. If you chat with someone you cannot be sure about the truth of his/her words. Most people cheat emotions, cheat about their appearance, age, job. That can be funny but if you want to meet someone talking to each other seriously it can be hard to do so. Is it a man, is it a woman or is it someone I already know? You never can be sure. Is that something on the other side already hacking into my computer reading personal information? If you get to a web site of a bank – is it a real bank or only a faked one? There have to be some signs which identify an original website reliably. How can I be sure if I want to buy something on the web and send my credit card-number that nobody will read it?<br />Imagine the following scene: You are surfing through the internet and suddenly – you are just downloading the latest screensaver of Verona Feldbusch – the whole internet breaks down. What would you do? Trying to build your own internet? Worrying about the lack of Verona? Sitting in front of the computer waiting for hours and looking into a black screen? Seriously, what would happen? I think most of the people would wait an hour or longer. Some people would stop existing because they have no real life. They only exist on the internet with their avatars in the chat rooms. They have given up reality for cyberspace. It is more practical for them because they do not need to ask someone to meet someone. The other one is just on the other end. Seriously speaking, I think people would not be glad about having to get out of their rooms. They feel uncomfortable about leaving their beloved computer. They do not know what to do. I think many even do not know any more how a book looks like or a typewriter. Besides losing our social abilities we are also losing our every-day-abilities. The computer is a nanny, a dictionary, an information centre, a job, a shopping centre. Nobody has to know anything about everyday business because the computer does it for us.<br />Internet user are becoming younger and younger. For children it is no problem to work with a computer. They just accept "him" as partner. But what do the older people do? Some even do not know how to switch the computer on. I know some people who are afraid of the computer. They think everything they do is wrong and the computer is breaking down on purpose. For these people the computer is already too complex. There has to be something like a computer for beginners. Otherwise there will always be some people who do not want to know how to use the computer because there is too much to know about it.<br />There is a big influence of technique on our daily life. Electronic devices, multimedia and computers are things we have to deal with everyday.<br />Especially the Internet is becoming more and more important for nearly everybody as it is one of the newest and most forward-looking media and surely “the” medium of the future.<br />Therefore we thought that it would be necessary to think about some good and bad aspects of how this medium influences us, what impacts it has on our social behaviour and what the future will look like.<br />The Internet changed our life enormously, there is no doubt about that. There are many advantages of the Internet that show you the importance of this new medium. What I want to say is that Internet changed our life in a positive way.<br />First we have to make a differentiation concerning the usage. You can use the Internet at home for personal or you at work for professional usage. Let’s come to the first. To spend a part of our day on the Internet is for many people quite normal. They use this kind of medium to get information about all kinds topics. Maybe some of them are interested in chatting, probably they are members of a community. Whatever you are looking for, you will find it. Even if you want to have very specific information, you will find it in a short time. Normally, you often have to send a letter, than you have to wait for the reception of the reply, or you have to make some telephone calls and so on. In any case, the traditional way is the longer one. To put your own information on the Internet is also possible. Create your own homepage, tell other users about your interests, what you want, that’s no problem at all.<br />As we all know, software costs a lot, if you buy it legal. Free software, free music is available on the Internet. You just have to download the program, the mp3-file or whatever and that’s it. Why do you want to pay more as you need to? Special websites are created just to give you the newest programs, or to tell you where you can get it from. Napster might actually be the most famous one.<br />The computer is a fix part of every modern office and the greatest part has also an access to the Internet. Companies already present their products, their services on the Internet and so they get more flexible.<br />The next advantage I want to mention is the faster development. Many universities and research institutions are also linked. They are able to exchange experiences, novelties and often they start new projects together. If they are linked, they can save time and money.<br /><div><br /></div>murtaza hussainhttp://www.blogger.com/profile/10231588209540892385noreply@blogger.com0tag:blogger.com,1999:blog-3936690049621555683.post-51720343324865130922015-10-02T23:50:00.004-07:002015-10-02T23:50:51.809-07:00THE INTERNET IIMPACT OF N OUR DAILY LIFEThere is a big influence of technique on our daily life. Electronic devices, multimedia and computers are things we have to deal with everyday.<br />Especially the Internet is becoming more and more important for nearly everybody as it is one of the newest and most forward-looking media and surely “the” medium of the future.<br />Therefore we thought that it would be necessary to think about some good and bad aspects of how this medium influences us, what impacts it has on our social behaviour and what the future will look like.<br />The Internet changed our life enormously, there is no doubt about that. There are many advantages of the Internet that show you the importance of this new medium. What I want to say is that Internet changed our life in a positive way.<br />First we have to make a differentiation concerning the usage. You can use the Internet at home for personal or you at work for professional usage. Let’s come to the first. To spend a part of our day on the Internet is for many people quite normal. They use this kind of medium to get information about all kinds topics. Maybe some of them are interested in chatting, probably they are members of a community. Whatever you are looking for, you will find it. Even if you want to have very specific information, you will find it in a short time. Normally, you often have to send a letter, than you have to wait for the reception of the reply, or you have to make some telephone calls and so on. In any case, the traditional way is the longer one. To put your own information on the Internet is also possible. Create your own homepage, tell other users about your interests, what you want, that’s no problem at all.<br />As we all know, software costs a lot, if you buy it legal. Free software, free music is available on the Internet. You just have to download the program, the mp3-file or whatever and that’s it. Why do you want to pay more as you need to? Special websites are created just to give you the newest programs, or to tell you where you can get it from. Napster might actually be the most famous one.<br />The computer is a fix part of every modern office and the greatest part has also an access to the Internet. Companies already present their products, their services on the Internet and so they get more flexible.<br />The next advantage I want to mention is the faster development. Many universities and research institutions are also linked. They are able to exchange experiences, novelties and often they start new projects together. If they are linked, they can save time and money.<br />Especially at the business sector knowledge is power. If you are the leader of a product, of a technology or just of an idea you are able to make a lot of money. To get into this position, the Internet can play an essential part. Companies all over the world are online. If you want, it is no problem for you to exchange experiences, you will hear new things, you will see some facts from another point of view. For this reason you will find new solutions, new ways to go, so take this chance!<br />“Learning by doing”, everybody knows this phrase and its still an essential part concerning the Internet. Children also use the Internet, most of the time they will “play” over the Internet, but they learn to work with the computer. There is only one way to learn something, you have to do it. Even it’s the first contact with the computer, after a few minutes the person will know that the computer-mouse is no animal running on the monitor. He or she learns to write on the keyboard, to navigate, to open and close programs, to save data... within hours. Try to do that on a normal computer course for beginners, you will need more time and the most important fact, it’s not as funny as surfing on the Internet and so they participants are less motivated.<br />Let’s change over to another positive effect of the Internet.<br />In any case, everybody’s private situation is different. For many women their own children are the main reason for staying at home. Nowadays this won’t be a problem any more, you can do work on your computer at home, called tele-working. Also men take this opportunity to work at home. What are the consequences, the advantages of tele-working? Sure, if you have a family, you can spend more time at home, probably you can spend more time with your children. Next is, that you can organize every day in the way you want to. Meetings at the company are reduced to a minimum. Tele-working is also an advantage for the owner of the company. Official studies substantiate that people who work at home are more motivated than their colleagues at the office. .<br />You see, the Internet is really a very positive medium. Use the Internet and discover the advantages of this new, forward-looking medium!<br />Another advantage of the internet is that you can join a community.<br />You can create new social contacts all over the world, which you could not do so easy without the internet.<br />Such communities can also help people who can not go out to find friends in the real life because they are disabled. Therefore they can chat with other people via the internet. Sometimes it is also easier for people, who are afraid to look into the other’s face while talking, to chat with a person that they do not know. There is something between them which makes it easier for them to communicate. It also does not matter if you have a terrible appearance because you can pretend to be whatever you want. You can also change your gender and your age to talk about topics which you do not normally do.<br />However, there are no time and place limitations and there are no boundaries, both geographical and political. You can chat with people in Australia and you have freedom of your mind in a way.<br />Moreover the internet is much cheaper than the real life, e.g. phoning a friend in Australia costs more than to chat with him.<br />From my point of view the e-mail has replaced the traditional letter. You do not have to buy stamps anymore and it is much faster and also for free. You can also add files to your E-mail and that’s why a big data transfer is possible. Therefore you do not have to send disks with information around the world anymore and you have your information in a digital way.<br />Another free service of the internet is sending SMS. You can save a lot of money if you do not send it with your mobile phone especially from Austria to America. You also have the opportunity to register as a user. Then you can use more things, e.g. sending E-postcards, I-messages (messages between registered users), and lead an address book.<br />You can also place your digital photos in the internet. With a password and a login name your friends in America can look at your photos without sending them to them.<br />Another important part is online gaming. You can play with people from all over the world and share your knowledge. In my opinion it’s more exiting to play with friends than playing alone.<br />Additionally, another big advantage of the internet is the easy access to information. Online reference books and dictionaries replace the way to the bookshop or to the library. It is again cheaper to search for information in the internet than to buy a book, that is old after one year. In the internet a lot of information is renewed and up to date. You can also find information which is very new and a book does not exist yet.<br />Moreover you can read the daily newspapers from all over the world, sometimes for free. You do not have to buy them anymore. In addition, most newspaper sites have an archive in which you can search for old articles.<br />However, the internet is also a big “advertising company”. A lot of enterprises have a homepage with ads and support opportunities. On some of them you can order products online. Then you do not have to go to the city anymore. You avoid waiting in front of the cash because of a long queue.<br />Moreover, you can get the newest stock exchange courses because the stock exchange in the Internet is always the most current one. You also have the ability to tell the computer to buy shares when the course is down.<br />Besides you can learn with the internet. CBTs (Computer Based Training) already exist but you can also join an internet course with other members.<br />Furthermore you can hold videoconferences which means that e.g. your teacher is sitting in his office in America and teaching you in Austria.<br />This is very important in the medical sector because doctors from all over the world can join an operation. So specialists can give tips and help other doctors to complete the operation successfully. The patient has not to wait until a specialist will come from America.<br />But this is only available because of the internet 2 which is much faster.<br />The internet is a database full of information and offers us a lot of services, sometimes for free. This makes our life easier and sometimes also cheaper.<br />All in all I think that the internet is very useful especially for students.<br />Clicking on the Internet-Button is getting more and more thrilling nowadays. Sometimes it is a real adventure not being sure if you have downloaded a virus or if it is only a hoax. You even cannot be sure to be alone if you are alone. Is there someone else working on my computer or is it only me? To have more security you have to install a firewall, buy anti-virus-programmes and update them regularly. So you have to spend much money only for preventing a virus-caused breakdown or hacker-attacks. It is annoying not being sure if the money you have spent will prevent all those things or if there is already a new virus and a new way hacking into computers. This is no more an investment into security it is a steady consumption which will not end. Some people even have to take up a loan to buy a computer. They are forced to buy one. Otherwise they maybe would not be able to stay in their job. What will the poor people do? They will be rarely informed about news and the space between rich and poor will become bigger and bigger.<br /><div><br /></div>murtaza hussainhttp://www.blogger.com/profile/10231588209540892385noreply@blogger.com0tag:blogger.com,1999:blog-3936690049621555683.post-42485089573621892702015-10-02T23:50:00.002-07:002015-10-02T23:50:18.997-07:00Religious intolerance is another factorToday’s Pakistan is facing democratic turmoil. A path chartered by the military regime of Ayub Khan, Yahya Khan then of Zia-ul-Haq was altered by yet another military regime that of Musharraf. All these regimes produced political instability, poor governance, institutional paralysis, by passing the rule of law, socio-economic downfall and so on. These fragile conditions along with deteriorating law and order situation have provided a fertile ground for terrorism to grow.<br /><br />Furthermore, lack of proper government set-up and lack of coordination and information sharing between various institutions of government is also a cause of behind the escalating terrorist activities. Not to talk of providing security to common people, our law enforcing agencies (LEAs) have completely failed to protect high officials of the country. In the absence of law and proper trial the terrorists are entrenching their roots firmly. Failure of the (LAEs) to bring the terrorist to book has emboldened terror mongers to strike at a target of their choice at will. Schools, hospitals, markets and places of worship have become their favourite targets.<br /><br />The soviet Afghanistan war was the most critical event responsible for spreading militancy and intolerance in Pakistan. A fundamental change that altered the very character of Pakistani society occurred after establishment of the soviet backed communist regime in Afghanistan. The aftermath of the soviet withdrawal exposed the damage, transformation of violence and Weaponisation into Pakistani society. It ultimately plagued Pakistan with a new trend commonly referred as “Kalashnikov Culture” and “Talbanisation”.<br /><br />Religion became the dominant force during the Zia regime when the Islamization of laws and education became a state policy. And the Islamic legislation was promulgated and a number of Islamic enactments were made, including the Hudood and blasphemy laws. One may also mention the vital role of the jihadis in their fight against the Soviet military occupation with the American support, as well as the generous patronage extended by the government to the religious parties and groups. It may be added that various religious groups benefited from the support they received from abroad, in particular from Saudi Arabia and Iran.<br /><br />Religious Madrassah is not something new for the Islam or our country. But after Russian attack on Afghanistan it took a new dimension. They were being used as recruitment centres for jihadis. Thousands of Mujahedeen were trained and sent to Afghanistan for so-called jihad. After the fall of Russia, a sizeable number of the jihadis who returned to Pakistan got involved in terrorist activities.<br /><br />Religious intolerance is another factor which is adding fuel to the fire of terrorism. youth, educated through religious Madrassahs, are indoctrinated with extreme ideas. They become intolerant towards other religions and even other sects of their own religion. They impose their own extreme ideas and vent their fanaticism thorough violent actions. Intolerance makes society jungle. It is proving destructive phenomenon for social harmony, political stability, and economic growth.<br /><br />The soviet Afghanistan war was the most critical event responsible for spreading militancy and intolerance in Pakistan. A fundamental change that altered the very character of Pakistani society occurred after establishment of the soviet backed communist regime in Afghanistan. The aftermath of the soviet withdrawal exposed the damage, transformation of violence and Weaponisation into Pakistani society. It ultimately plagued Pakistan with a new trend commonly referred as “Kalashnikov Culture” and “Talbanisation”. This was perhaps an end to our long established pluralistic culture and values. Result was a wave of vicious cycle of Sectarian and Inter-sect and Interfaith violence/terrorism.<br /><br />Religious extremism that took its roots in Pakistan after the Islamic Revolution in Iran in 1979 is proving venomous for Pakistan. The increased danger of sectarian motivated acts of violence, have gained in power and influence over the recent past. External as well as internal influences have impacted the sectarian issues and have served to further intensify the magnitude and seriousness of the problem. Sectarian violence, therefore, was an extremely rare and unheard of phenomenon in Pakistan with sectarian disputes being very localized and confined rather than being frequent and widespread.<br /><br />This religious extremism took a new shape of terrorism after 9/11. After the incident of 9/11 suicide bombing in Pakistan has become a norm of the day. The American invasion and occupation of Afghanistan, as well as the military operation in Pakistan, along with the American drone attacks, have served to fuel religious radicalism leading to violent reaction. The breakdown of state structures in Afghanistan created a void which was quickly filled by groups and individuals who took it upon themselves to continue the lost battle. Some of them also intruded into Pakistani tribal areas, thus inviting the US displeasure. Flushing out these foreign fighters by Pakistani security forces made Pakistan a battle ground, as foreign militants and some of their local hosts, joined hands to counter the security forces.<br />The religion is also impacted by the war against terrorism. The religion of Islam is perceived to be the one tolerating extremism and terrorism abroad. In the western world people equate violence, abuse against women and minority rights, and several acts of terrorism like suicidal bombing and coercion with Islam and Muslims. Whenever any such inhuman act takes place they tie it with Islam and its followers. When in the UK terror acts were committed the authority blamed it on Pakistani citizens for instance. And why these days Pakistanis are discriminately interrogated and have to be screened before they inter the US is due to the fact that they are Pakistanis and Muslims.<br /><br />Thorough analysis of the causes of terrorism and its ineffaceable impacts indicate that in Pakistan this phenomenon has not come to fore overnight. It has taken decades to flourish and involves many factors.<br /><br /><br /><br /><br />murtaza hussainhttp://www.blogger.com/profile/10231588209540892385noreply@blogger.com0tag:blogger.com,1999:blog-3936690049621555683.post-27486678148398469342015-10-02T23:49:00.002-07:002015-10-02T23:49:46.711-07:00TERORISOM IN PAKISTANTerrorism means to use violence to affright people for political resoluteness. It is also misused to organisation or provide to minify the spirit of others. In prescribe to occurrence one's sentiment. This one is the most serve-problem of the present age that people, all over the land as advisable as the undivided Gear Class are protection this devilishness. The essential causes of terrorism are exclusive to egest the political spot of the glob in sure. Terrorism becomes or may embellish end personalty of meaning and too such anxiousness.<br /><br />The causes of terrorism ever are the Iniquity, malevolence and venom and its very great aim, cerebration or intention is win, illegality, demolition and emit going to acquitted lives and properties. This wicked devastation forces are ever in activeness and they stay willing to create governmental misadministration in the region. Coercion is the lowest taxon of barbarism. A wild production is e'er supposed as coercion for it generates. These are multitudinous terrorists groups in mechanism in the experience who are always work in their black terimental actions.<br /><br />Pakistan semipolitical environs has been real overmuch psychoneurotic not a lone polity could be competent to base itself for the nominal point. During this structure of reading the value of depravity enhanced really some. The graph of criminal activities upraised due to the answerableness forces. The regulation of political knowing has been raining speedily. Coercion generates strains and anxiousness to the decent and downright someone of the earth. It is an afford contest to our governing, the law enforcing agencies and word agencies to conflict against this devilish instrument.<br /><br />Who is accountable for this vulgarity? The serve is that who proposes to transfer the serene part into contemptible and these are the terrorist who activity with the lives of exonerated imperfect brings for covetousness of money around which they do not bed that this money is transitory action which they do not cognise that everything in this humanity leave rest here when he gift go into the representative of decease.<br /><br />At this leg it has metamorphose most basic to contact out terrorism structure the scope of the glob and to everyone extant this Bag Grouping and Pakistan in special, should be provided their rights on the bases of realistic meet.<br />In Islam, an amazingly powerful emphasis is laid on developing love for mankind and on the vital importance of showing mercy and sympathy towards every creature of Allah Almighty, including human beings and animals. For indeed, love and true sympathy is the very antidote of terrorism.<br /><br />Injustice is one of the foremost factors that breed terrorism. When the grievances of the people are not redressed they resort to violent actions. So this is the case with Pakistan where timely justice has always been a far cry. Hence, the delayed justice is working as incentive for victims and dragging them to the swamp of terrorist organisations.<br /><br />Illiteracy is the root causes of extremism and terrorism. More than one in five men aged 15 to 24 unable to read or write, and only one in 20 is in tertiary education. such a high illiteracy rate has made Pakistan vulnerable to terrorism. furthermore, technical and vocational education, and adult literacy, are especially important but unfortunately have been neglected the most in Baluchistan, Khyber Pukhtunkhwa and the Tribal Areas. Illiteracy and lack of skills provide fertile ground for those who wish to recruit young men and women to their cause, especially when significant monetary payments are attached.<br /><br />Regarding poverty, it is also an incubating cause of terrorism. And it is said that “a hungry man is an angry man.” Notably, majority of people in Pakistan are living below poverty line. While especially for the youngsters, unemployment has made the matter worse. In these adverse circumstances, some people go to the level of extremism and even commit suicide. These are the people whose services are hired by the terrorist groups and they become easy prey to terrorism.<br /><br />Food insecurity is also linked with militancy and violence. When people remain unable to afford food and cannot meet their basic needs civil strife grows. A report by the Islamabad-based Sustainable Development Policy Institute The highest levels of food insecurity, for instance, exist in the Federally Administered Tribal Areas, according to the report, where 67.7 per cent of the people are insecure. The next highest level is in Baluchistan, with food insecurity at 61.2 per cent, and then in Khyber-Pukhtunkhwa, 56.2 per cent. In Pakistan some extremist forces are exploiting the feelings of lower and lower middle class food insecure people. They are motivating their unemployed youth to commit heinous crimes such as suicide attacks against innocent people.<br /><br />Another reason of terrorism is dissatisfaction. When a person is dissatisfied with the rulers and thinks that his rights are being humiliated or exiled, his living of life has not been compensated, he is deprived of rightful inheritance to office, wrongly imprisoned and property confiscated then he joins some religious parties. It does not matter which organisation it would be. None of the organisations has any importance for him. Adopting an organisation would only save him from the critical situation he is in and leaves him to play in the hands of his so-called leaders who destroy his public sense of security.<br /><div><br /></div>murtaza hussainhttp://www.blogger.com/profile/10231588209540892385noreply@blogger.com0tag:blogger.com,1999:blog-3936690049621555683.post-55513165676766698252015-10-02T23:49:00.000-07:002015-10-02T23:49:03.043-07:00Different Side Effects Of SmokingWhen your parents were young, people could buy cigarettes and smoke pretty much anywhere — even in hospitals! Ads for cigarettes were all over the place. Today we're more aware about how bad smoking is for our health. Smoking is restricted or banned in almost all public places and cigarette companies are no longer allowed to advertise on TV, radio, and in many magazines.<br />Almost everyone knows that smoking causes cancer, emphysema, and heart disease; that it can shorten your life by 10 years or more; and that the habit can cost a smoker thousands of dollars a year. So how come people are still lighting up? The answer, in a word, is addiction.<br />Once You Start, It's Hard to Stop<br />Smoking is a hard habit to break because tobacco contains nicotine, which is highly addictive. Like heroin or other addictive drugs, the body and mind quickly become so used to the nicotine in cigarettes that a person needs to have it just to feel normal/teen/misc/stop_smoking_guide.html<br />People start smoking for a variety of different reasons. Some think it looks cool. Others start because their family members or friends smoke. Statistics show that about 9 out of 10 tobacco users start before they're 18 years old. Most adults who started smoking in their teens never expected to become addicted. That's why people say it's just so much easier to not start smoking at all.<br />How Smoking Affects Your Health<br />There are no physical reasons to start smoking. The body doesn't need tobacco the way it needs food, water, sleep, and exercise. And many of the chemicals in cigarettes, like nicotine and cyanide, are actually poisons that can kill in high enough doses.<br />The body is smart. It goes on the defense when it's being poisoned. First-time smokers often feel pain or burning in the throat and lungs, and some people feel sick or even throw up the first few times they try tobacco.<br />The consequences of this poisoning happen gradually. Over the long term, smoking leads people to develop health problems like heart disease, stroke, emphysema (breakdown of lung tissue), and many types of cancer — including lung, throat, stomach, and bladder cancer. People who smoke also have an increased risk of infections like bronchitis and pneumonia.<br />These diseases limit a person's ability to be normally active, and they can be fatal. In the United States, smoking is responsible for about 1 out of 5 deaths.<br />Smokers not only develop wrinkles and yellow teeth, they also lose bone density, which increases their risk of osteoporosis, a condition that causes older people to become bent over and their bones to break more easily. Smokers also tend to be less active than nonsmokers because smoking affects lung power.<br />Smoking can also cause fertility problems and can impact sexual health in both men and women. Girls who are on the pill or other hormone-based methods of birth control (like the patch or the ring) increase their risk of serious health problems, such as heart attacks, if they smoke.<br />The consequences of smoking may seem very far off, but long-term health problems aren't the only hazard of smoking. Nicotine and the other toxins in cigarettes, cigars, and pipes can affect a person's body quickly, which means that teen smokers experience many of these problems:<br />⦁<span class="Apple-tab-span" style="white-space: pre;"> </span>Bad skin. Because smoking can slow the flow of blood vessels, it can prevent oxygen and nutrients from getting to the skin — which is why smokers often appear pale and unhealthy. Studies have also linked smoking to an increased risk of getting a type of skin rash called psoriasis.<br />⦁<span class="Apple-tab-span" style="white-space: pre;"> </span>Bad breath. Cigarettes leave smokers with a condition called halitosis, or persistent bad breath.<br />⦁<span class="Apple-tab-span" style="white-space: pre;"> </span>Bad-smelling clothes and hair. The smell of stale smoke tends to linger — not just on people's clothing, but on their hair, furniture, and cars. And it's often hard to get the smell of smoke out.<br />⦁<span class="Apple-tab-span" style="white-space: pre;"> </span>Reduced athletic performance. People who smoke usually can't compete with nonsmoking peers because the physical effects of smoking (like rapid heartbeat, decreased circulation, and shortness of breath) impair sports performance.<br />⦁<span class="Apple-tab-span" style="white-space: pre;"> </span>Greater risk of injury and slower healing time. Smoking affects the body's ability to produce collagen, so common sports injuries, such as damage to tendons and ligaments, will heal more slowly in smokers than nonsmokers.<br />⦁<span class="Apple-tab-span" style="white-space: pre;"> </span>Increased risk of illness. Studies show that smokers get more colds, flu, bronchitis, and pneumonia than nonsmokers. And people with certain health conditions, like asthma, become more sick if they smoke (and often if they're just around people who smoke). Because teens who smoke as a way to manage weight often light up instead of eating, their bodies also lack the nutrients they need to grow, develop, and fight off illness properly.<br />Hookahs and E-Cigarettes<br />It's not only cigarettes that get people dependent on tobacco. Hookahs, staples of Middle Eastern café society, are water pipes used to smoke tobacco through a hose with a tapered mouthpiece. There's a myth going around that hookahs are safer because the smoke is cooled when it passes through the water.<br />But take a look at the black, resinous gunk that builds up in a hookah hose. Some of that gets into users' mouths and lungs. Indeed, experts say hookahs are no safer than cigarettes — and since they don't have filters and people often use them for long periods, the health risks might be even greater. Hookahs are usually shared, so there's the additional risk from germs being passed around along with the pipe.<br />Also beware of electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes), which contain cancer-causing chemicals and other toxins, including a compound used in antifreeze. These battery-operated devices use cartridges filled with nicotine, flavorings, and other chemicals and convert them into a vapor that's inhaled by the user.<br />E-cigarettes haven't been evaluated or approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA), so they don't have to post the health warnings that nicotine replacement products or conventional cigarettes do. But there's no such thing as a safe nicotine product.<br />Kicking Butts and Staying Smoke Free<br />All forms of tobacco — cigarettes, pipes, cigars, hookahs, and smokeless tobacco — are hazardous. It doesn't help to substitute products that seem like they're better for you than regular cigarettes, such as e-cigarettes or filtered or low-tar cigarettes.<br />The only thing that really helps a person avoid the problems associated with smoking is staying smoke free. This isn't always easy, especially if everyone around you is smoking and offering you cigarettes. It may help to have your reasons for not smoking ready for times you may feel the pressure, such as "I just don't like it" or "I want to stay in shape for soccer" (or football, basketball, or other sport).<br />The good news for people who don't smoke or who want to quit is that studies show that the number of teens who smoke has dropped dramatically. Today, about 20% of high school students smoke — which means 4 out of 5 don't.<br />If you do smoke and want to quit, you have lots of information and support available. Different approaches to quitting work for different people. For some, quitting cold turkey is best. Others find that a slower approach is the way to go. Some people find that it helps to go to a support group especially for teens. These are sometimes sponsored by local hospitals or organizations like the American Cancer Society. The Internet offers a number of good resources to help people quit smoking.<br />When quitting, it can be helpful to realize that the first few days are the hardest. So don't give up. Some people find they have a few relapses before they manage to quit for good.<br />Staying smoke free will give you a whole lot more of everything — more energy, better performance, better looks, more money in your pocket, and in the long run, more life to live!<br />how i can help my boyfriend stop smoking<br />I don't smoke, but my boyfriend does. I really want to help him stop smoking — what can I do?<br />- Abby*<br />For you to help your boyfriend quit smoking, he has to want to quit. Because nicotine is addictive, quitting can be difficult. But you can suggest some things that may help him. Just knowing that he has your support can make him more likely to succeed.<br />Offer to help your boyfriend devise a plan for quitting. This might mean choosing a stop date, encouraging him to speak to his doctor about a nicotine replacement, helping him to stay focused once he stops, and figuring out a good way to reward himself when he reaches different points.<br />It can be helpful to have several smaller goals to work toward — such as 2 weeks, 1 month, and 2 months without smoking. You can also help your boyfriend by avoiding things that previously have triggered him to smoke — like visiting a certain friend's house. Remind him (without nagging or preaching) of the benefits of quitting, including all the money he'll be able to save. And remember that ultimately he has to decide whether he's ready to quit — but your support and encouragement can make a difference.<br /><div><br /></div>murtaza hussainhttp://www.blogger.com/profile/10231588209540892385noreply@blogger.com0tag:blogger.com,1999:blog-3936690049621555683.post-75977460721820887012015-10-02T23:47:00.004-07:002015-10-02T23:47:51.394-07:00Child Labour Workout In USALabourers below the age of 14 years are called child labour. India has the largest number of child labour in the world. According to the census figures of 1991, India has 11.29 million child labourers, which constitute 1.34 per cent of the total population of our country. Most of the child labourers are engaged in agriculture and allied subject like livestock, foresting and fisheries. In the urban areas, children work in dhabas, eateries helpers or cleaners in trucks and as domestic servants etc. They have long working hours, bad and unhygienic working conditions and fewer wages. The main reason behind child labour is poverty. Children born in poor families are forced to work not only for their own survival but also for their family. Awareness of the people and Government also compels poor parents to make their children employed as laborers in agricultural forms, factories, brick kilns and as domestic servants. Let us all take a step to ban this evil.<br />God has given human beings the boon of wisdom and discretion to think upon the signs of the universe and to draw conclusions. That is the reason why they disclose the hidden facts of it and its structure and have made remarkable progress in many walks of life. Children are the flowers of heaven. They are the most beautiful and purest creation of God. They are innocent both inwardly and outwardly. No doubt, they are the beauty of this world. Early in the morning when the children put on different kinds of clothes and begin to go to schools for the sake of knowledge, we feel a specific kind of joy through their innocence<br />But there are also other children, those who cannot go to schools due to financial problems, they only watch others go to schools and can merely wish to seek knowledge.It is due to many hindrances and difficulties; desperate conditions that they face in life. Having been forced to kill their aspirations, dreams and other wishes, they are pressed to earn a living for themselves and for their families. It is also a fact that there are many children who play a key role in sustaining the economically life of their family without which, their families would not be able to make ends meet. These are also part of our society who have forgotten the pleasures of their childhood. When a child in addition to getting education, earns his livelihood, this act of earning a livelihood is called as child Labour. The concept of child Labour got much attention during the 1990s when European countries announced a ban on the goods of the less-developed countries because of child Labour.<br /><br />The International Labour Organization (ILO) defines child Labour as:<br /><br />1- when a child is working during early age<br />2- he overworks or gives over time to Labour<br />3- he works due to the psychologically, socially, and materialistic pressure<br />4- he becomes ready to Labour on a very low pay<br />During the year 2001 and 2002 the government of Pakistan carried out a series of consultation of tripartite partners and stakeholders (Labour Department, trade unions, employers and NGOs) in all the provinces. The objective was to identify the occupations and the categories of work, which may be considered as hazardous under the provisions of ILO Convention 182. As a result of these deliberations, a national consensus list of occupations and categories of work was identified, which is given below:<br /><br />1. Nature of occupation-category of work<br />2. Work inside under ground mines over ground quarries, including blasting and assisting in blasting<br />3. Work with power driven cutting machinery like saws, shears, and guillotines, ( Thrashers, fodder cutting machines, also marbles)<br />4. Work with live electrical wires over 50V.<br />5. All operation related to leather tanning process e.g. soaking, dehairing, liming chrome tanning, deliming, pickling defleshing, and ink application.<br />6. Mixing or application or pesticides insecticide/fumigation.<br />7. Sandblasting and other work involving exposure to free silica.<br /><div><br /></div>murtaza hussainhttp://www.blogger.com/profile/10231588209540892385noreply@blogger.com0tag:blogger.com,1999:blog-3936690049621555683.post-73650689417196519692015-10-02T23:46:00.002-07:002015-10-02T23:46:32.815-07:00Global Warming In Different CountriesThroughout its long history, Earth has warmed and cooled time and again. Climate has changed when the planet received more or less sunlight due to subtle shifts in its orbit, as the atmosphere or surface changed, or when the Sun’s energy varied. But in the past century, another force has started to influence Earth’s climate: humanity<br />How does this warming compare to previous changes in Earth’s climate? How can we be certain that human-released greenhouse gases are causing the warming? How much more will the Earth warm? How will Earth respond? Answering these questions is perhaps the most significant scientific challenge of our time.<br />What is Global Warming?<br />Global warming is the unusually rapid increase in Earth’s average surface temperature over the past century primarily due to the greenhouse gases released as people burn fossil fuels. The global average surface temperature rose 0.6 to 0.9 degrees Celsius (1.1 to 1.6° F) between 1906 and 2005, and the rate of temperature increase has nearly doubled in the last 50 years. Temperatures are certain to go up further.<br /><div><br /></div>murtaza hussainhttp://www.blogger.com/profile/10231588209540892385noreply@blogger.com0tag:blogger.com,1999:blog-3936690049621555683.post-37584841133002431192015-10-02T23:40:00.001-07:002015-10-02T23:40:33.367-07:00HOW TO KEEP YOUR WINDOWS RUNNING FAST <br />&nbsp; Even the most advanced hardware configuration can slow down &nbsp;your system as a result of software-related issues. While upgrading your computer's memory can help improve the operating system performance, especially if you are running Vista(2007),i give &nbsp;several optimization tips that will help you to keep your windows running fast:<br />⦁<span class="Apple-tab-span" style="white-space: pre;"> </span>Run a Reliable Spyware Cleaner<br />With the growth of media and software downloads, there's a good chance there a file on your machine is associated with spyware or ad-ware. Even if you're running an anti-virus system, you might be missing out on detection of files that can slow down your system and open up potential software vulnerabilities. Most spyware systems work by connecting your computer to an external data-mining source, allowing advertisers to serve you targeting ads without your knowledge and taking up valuable computing resources. In addition to running a system cleaner, consider deleting your browser's cookies and off-line files regularly<br />⦁<span class="Apple-tab-span" style="white-space: pre;"> </span>Do an Audit on Your System's Start-Up Programs<br />Upon installation, many programs start-up with Windows by default. Even if they are passively running in the background, this can take up quite a bit of memory and system resources. You can review these programs in the Control Panel, and can turn off automated startup for those programs that you don't use often; this can help you reduce both start-up and load times. In Vista, you can find these settings within Windows Defender in the 'Software Explorer' category in Tools. From there, you can then disable automated startups for programs that you don't use.<br />⦁<span class="Apple-tab-span" style="white-space: pre;"> </span>Consider Defragmenting Your Hard Drive<br />Over time, new software installations can be fragmented across various points on your hard drive. As a result, it can take longer for your processor to access files – to correct this problem, you can set your computer to defragment its hard drive on a regular basis. You can do so within the Windows Task Scheduler to set a weekly or monthly run time. After installing a particularly large program, such as Photoshop, you may want to also run the process manually.<br />⦁<span class="Apple-tab-span" style="white-space: pre;"> </span>Keep Your System Drivers Updated<br />Many slowdowns in Windows relate directly to out-of-date or incompatible software and hardware drivers. In particular, check to see that your graphics card has an updated driver that is optimized for your OS, especially if you're using Vista. By checking for new hardware drivers, you can greatly improve run-time speed and reduce incompatibilities that may slow down your system.<br />Run only those progrmmes witch you need. and my last and important suggestion is that you must cleas your systm at least one time in a year.Dusting inside the cpu with the dusting buresh.murtaza hussainhttp://www.blogger.com/profile/10231588209540892385noreply@blogger.com0tag:blogger.com,1999:blog-3936690049621555683.post-59444964306891201162015-10-02T23:39:00.002-07:002015-10-02T23:39:55.286-07:00EDUCATION SYSTEM IN USA The education system in Pakistan is generally divided into five levels:-<br />⦁<span class="Apple-tab-span" style="white-space: pre;"> </span> Primary (Grades one to Grade 5)<br />⦁<span class="Apple-tab-span" style="white-space: pre;"> </span>Middle (Grades six to Grade 8)<br />⦁<span class="Apple-tab-span" style="white-space: pre;"> </span> High (Grade Nine to Grade 10) Also known as Secondary<br />⦁<span class="Apple-tab-span" style="white-space: pre;"> </span> Intermediate (Grade eleven to 12) Also known as Higher Secondary<br />⦁<span class="Apple-tab-span" style="white-space: pre;"> </span> University (Undergraduate and Graduate degree)<br />(14 to 16 Years of Education)<br />1) Primary Level of Education<br />The standard national system of education is mainly inspired from the British System. Pre-School education is designed for 3-5 years old and usually consists of three stages (Play Group, Nursery and Kindergarten (KG)). After pre-school education, students go through junior school from grade 1 to 5. Only 80% of Pakistani children finish primary school education.<br />2) Middle Level of Education<br />After passing grade 5 Examination which is conducted by the Punjab Examination Commission Lahore, students are promoted in to Middle Level ie grade 6 to 8. At middle level single-sex education is usually preferred by the community but co-education is also common in urban cities of the Pakistan.<br />Subject Taught at Middle Level of Education:<br />At middle level of education the eight commonly examined subjects are Urdu, English, Mathematics, Arts, Science, Social Studies, Islamiyat and sometime Computer Studies. Some institutes also give instruction in foreign languages such as Turkish, Arabic, Persian, French and Chinese. The language of instruction depends on the nature of the institution itself, whether it is an English medium school or an Urdu medium School.<br />3) High/Secondary Level of Education<br />After passing grade 8 Examination which is conducted by the Punjab Examination Commission Lahore, Students are promoted to High/Secondary Level ie grade 9 to 10 which is also known Secondary School Certificate (SSC). Students are required to pass a national examination administered by a regional Board of Intermediate &amp; Secondary Education (BISE). Upon successful completion of these two examination, they are awarded a SSC Certificate. This locally known as “Matriculation”.<br />Subject Taught at Secondary Level of Education:<br />The curriculum usually includes a combination of eight courses including elective subject such as (Biology, Chemistry, Physics and Computer) as well as compulsory subject such as (Mathematics, English, Urdu, Islamiyat and Pakistan StudieS<br />4) Intermediate/Higher Secondary Level of Education<br />The students are promoted to grade 11 after passing of grade 10. Upon successful completion of grade 11 and grade 12 Examination by the BISE, students are awarded the Higher Secondary School Certificate (HSSC). This level of education is also called the FSc/FA or “Intermediate”. There are many groups that students can choose for their 11 and 12 grades, such as pre-medical, pre-engineering, humanities and commerce.<br />Subject Taught at Intermediate/Higher Secondary Level of Education:<br />At Intermediate level each group consists of three elective and as well as three compulsory subject of English, Urdu, Islamiyat(grade 11 only) and Pakistan Studies (Grade 12 only).<br />6) University Level of Education (Undergraduate and Graduate degree)<br />After earning HSSC (Higher Secondary School Certificate), students may study in a professional college/University for Bachelor’s degree courses such as engineering (B.Engg/BS Engg), medicine (MBBS), dentistry (BDS), veterinary medicine (DVM), law (LLB), architecture (B.Arch), pharmacy (Pharm-D) and nursing (B.Nurs). These courses require four or five years of study. There are some councils and boards that will handle all the educational matters in these cases and they are known as the PMDC, Pakistan pharmacy council and Pakistan nursing council. Students can also attend a university for Bachelor of Arts (BA), Bachelor of Science (B.Sc), Bachelor of Commerce (B.Com).<br />At university level there are two types of Bachelor courses in Pakistan: Pass or Honors. Pass degree requires two years of study and students normally read three optional subjects (such as Chemistry or Economics) in addition to almost equal number of compulsory subject such as English and Pakistan Studies. Honours degree required three or four years of study, and students normally specialize in a chosen field of study such as Microbiology (BS Hons. Microbiology).<br />After successful completion of B.A,B.Sc, students enrolled in Master degree programme that require 2 years education to get the Master degree. Masters in Philosophy (M.Phil) is available in most of the subject and can be undertaken after doing Masters. Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) education is also available in selected areas and is usually pursued after earning a M.Phil degree. Students pursuing M.Phil or PhD degree must choose a specific field and a university that is doing research work in that filed. M.Phil and PhD education in Pakistan requires minimum of 2 years of study.murtaza hussainhttp://www.blogger.com/profile/10231588209540892385noreply@blogger.com0